The primary goal for most investors is to maximize their return on investment while minimizing their exposure to risk as much as possible. The risks and rewards associated with common investment options, such as stocks and mutual funds, is well-known. However, you may not be aware of how you can use a mortgage bond to profit financially. When you understand more about what this investment option is, you can take strategic steps to bolster your return on investment substantially.
What Is a Mortgage Bond?
Before you decide to invest your own assets in a mortgage bond, you need to gain a thorough understanding of what this investment option is. When you take out a mortgage loan, your lender usually does not service the loan. Instead, the lender sells a package of loans together to be serviced by another entity. This type of bond is usually a pool of loans, but it can also be a single loan. While you can find bonds for residential real estate loans, you can also find commercial property loan bonds as well. In addition, these bonds are usually rated in terms of the quality of the asset and credit-worthiness of the borrowers.
This type of bond is usually a pool of loans, but it can also be a single loan. While you can find bonds for residential real estate loans, you can also find commercial property loan bonds as well. In addition, these bonds are usually rated in terms of the quality of the asset and credit-worthiness of the borrowers.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Mortgage Bonds
There are strategic advantages that you can enjoy when you purchase this type of investment. However, there are also some downsides to consider that make these investments rather unattractive for you devote your hard-earned money to. If you want to make an informed investment decision, you should learn more about these advantages and disadvantages as a first step before you start comparing bonds that are available to purchase.
Advantages of Mortgage Bonds
The most important advantage associated with this type of investment relates to risk. In the event a borrower defaults on one of the mortgages that you are servicing, you can always foreclose on the asset and sell the property to pay off the debt.
This means that there is very little risk for loss associated with this type of bond investment. For individuals who are looking for a low-risk option, this is a viable investment type to consider.
Disadvantages of Mortgage Bonds
Because this type of bond is such a low-risk option to invest in, the overall return on investment is considerably lower than some of the other investment options that you may be considering. In addition, the overall quality of the original lender’s underwriting process can play a role in how accurate the quality rating of the borrowers is for a specific bond.
You should also be aware that there is a cost associated with foreclosing on a loan in default. The legal expenses, make-ready expenses, and listing or marketing expenses can be high, and this can erode away your profit from selling the property. If you have to foreclose on a property, your already low return can be decreased further.
After deciding that buying a mortgage bond is the right financial decision for you, you may be wondering what advice or tips you can follow to get started.
1. Explore the Bond Options Carefully
There are multiple ways to invest in these bonds. For example, you can originate and service your own loans as a private lender. This gives you complete control over the quality of the loan. You can also purchase a pool of loans on the secondary market, and this may be a convenient way to make a large investment. Additionally, you can also invest in a mortgage REIT through the stock market. You can choose to make a smaller or larger investment of REIT shares depending on the availability of funds.
Another idea is to buy individual notes directly from private parties. For example, an individual who financed the sale of his home on his own may be ready to turn that loan into cash by selling the loan to you. Each option has its pros and cons. You should analyze the cash requirements, risk and return associated with each one. Do this before you decide which investment option is ideal for your unique needs and goals.
2. Analyze the Underwriting Process
Regardless of how you choose to invest in these bonds, it is imperative that you learn more about the underwriting process that the lender used. The quality of the investment is directly dependent on this factor. Educate yourself about the underwriting process, and learn more about the circumstances that led to the 2008 mortgage industry issues. Through your education about this aspect of the loans, you can confirm the integrity or quality of the assets that you are preparing to buy.
3. Diversify Your Portfolio
Some investors look at these bonds as a pool of individual investments rather than as one large investment. A bond is usually comprised of dozens of loans or more. Although, you should view the bond as a single asset for portfolio diversification purposes. You do not want all of your investment funds allocated to a specific sector of the mortgage industry.
Instead, you may want to purchase a smaller bond and devote some of your assets to the purchase of stocks, bonds or mutual funds in other sectors of the economy. This will help you to moderate your risk while maximizing your potential return.
4. Negotiate to Boost Your Return on Investment
You may think that you must pay the face value of the mortgages when you invest in a bond, but this is not always the case. It is possible to negotiate the terms of your bond in some cases. Depending on market conditions at the time and several other factors, you may be able to offer a lower overall price for the bond. This can help you to generate a much higher return on investment when you service the loans.
5. Contract Support to Service the Loans
Loan servicing can be a time consuming and stressful process. This is particularly true when you have multiple loans in your bond that is not performing as desired. You are an investor, but you likely have little or no experience as a loan servicer. It may be in your best interest to outsource this task to a loan servicing company experienced in debt collections.
While there is a fee associated with using loan services, this can help you to manage your investment more easily. Before you finalize your plans to buy a bond, explore the servicing options. Analyze the fees for loan servicing in comparison to your return on investment. Do this so that you can accurately determine the real return you may generate.
As you can see, investing in mortgage bond can be a great option to consider. It has a low overall risk threshold and it can generate a reasonable return over a lengthy period of time. However, each bond is unique, and you need to carefully analyze the options to make a savvy investment decision. Educating yourself about mortgage loans and about bonds specifically can help you make a well-informed decision. If you have any experiences with these bonds or questions about them, share them below.